javascript中一些polyfill处理

javascript中一些polyfill处理

BUG集散地

2018-10-24 08:36 阅读 73 喜欢 0 array string js中的polyfill

问题是由一个BUG引起的,功能中有使用国际化组件,用的是jquery.i18n,在chrome上、ff上都没有什么问题,问题出在了IE上。万恶的IE..

起因:当页面加载的时候,在IE11上加载失败,报错:对象不支持trimRight属性或方法,来自jquery 某行

最初的想法就是兼容问题,然而找了下jquery源码,并没有trimRight这个函数,只有trim,而且在业务代码中也没有使用到trim相关的函数,没办法了,把页面上所有引用的框架都搜索了一遍,终于在国际化组件中发现了他。

在jquery.i18n中使用如下:parameters[++i].trimRight() ,很明显,这个使用了String的原生函数trimRight。很不幸,这个在IE上是没有实现的(Edge除外)。

其实,之前是有一些处理的,主要是针对数组的处理,这里先提下关于string的几个函数的处理。

/*
 * String ES5 extend
*/
if(!String.prototype.trim) {
    String.prototype.trim = function () {
        return this.replace(/^[\s\uFEFF\xA0]+|[\s\uFEFF\xA0]+$/g, '');
    };
}
if(!String.prototype.trimRight){
  String.prototype.trimRight = function(){
    return this.replace(/[\s\uFEFF\xA0]+$/g, '');
  }
}
if(!String.prototype.trimLeft){
  String.prototype.trimLeft = function(){
    return this.replace(/^[\s\uFEFF\xA0]+/g,'');
  }
}

针对String数据类型增加了三个函数的pollify处理,如上。包括:trim trimRight trimLeft .

在增加了这两个处理后,页面就能够正常加载处理了。

下面,把我自己整理的一些处理贴出来,大部分都是从mdn上拿下来的。

Object
if (!Object.create) {
    Object.create = function (o) {
        if (arguments.length > 1) {
            throw new Error('Object.create implementation only accepts the first parameter.');
        }
        function F() {}
        F.prototype = o;
        return new F();
    };
}

if (!Object.keys) {
    Object.keys = function(o) {
        if (o !== Object(o)) {
            throw new TypeError('Object.keys called on a non-object');
        }
        var k=[], p;
        for (p in o) {
            if (Object.prototype.hasOwnProperty.call(o,p)) {
                k.push(p);
            }
        }
        return k;
    };
}
Date
/*
 * Date ES5 extend
*/
if (!Date.now) {
    Date.now = function now() {
        return (new Date).valueOf();
    };
}
Function
if (!Function.prototype.bind) {
      Function.prototype.bind = function (oThis) {
        if (typeof this !== "function") {
              // closest thing possible to the ECMAScript 5 internal IsCallable function
              throw new TypeError("Function.prototype.bind - what is trying to be bound is not callable");
        }

        var aArgs = Array.prototype.slice.call(arguments, 1), 
            fToBind = this, 
            fNOP = function () {},
            fBound = function () {
                  return fToBind.apply(this instanceof fNOP && oThis
                                 ? this
                                 : oThis || window,
                               aArgs.concat(Array.prototype.slice.call(arguments)));
            };

        fNOP.prototype = this.prototype;
        fBound.prototype = new fNOP();

        return fBound;
      };
}
Array
/*
 * Array ES5 extend
*/
if(!Array.isArray) {
    Array.isArray = function (vArg) {
        return Object.prototype.toString.call(vArg) === "[object Array]";
    };
}
if ( !Array.prototype.forEach ) {
    Array.prototype.forEach = function forEach( callback, thisArg ) {
        var T, k;
        if ( this == null ) {
            throw new TypeError( "this is null or not defined" );
        }
        var O = Object(this);
        var len = O.length >>> 0; 
        if ( typeof callback !== "function" ) {
            throw new TypeError( callback + " is not a function" );
        }
        if ( arguments.length > 1 ) {
            T = thisArg;
        }
        k = 0;
        while( k < len ) {
            var kValue;
            if ( k in O ) {
                kValue = O[ k ];
                callback.call( T, kValue, k, O );
            }
            k++;
        }
    };
}
if (!Array.prototype.map) {
    Array.prototype.map = function(callback, thisArg) {
        var T, A, k;
        if (this == null) {
            throw new TypeError(" this is null or not defined");
        }

        var O = Object(this);
        var len = O.length >>> 0;

        if (typeof callback !== "function") {
            throw new TypeError(callback + " is not a function");
        }

        if (thisArg) {
            T = thisArg;
        }

        A = new Array(len);

        k = 0;
        while(k < len) {

            var kValue, mappedValue;
            if (k in O) {
                kValue = O[ k ];
                mappedValue = callback.call(T, kValue, k, O);
                A[ k ] = mappedValue;
            }
            k++;
        }
        return A;
    };
}
if (!Array.prototype.filter) {
  Array.prototype.filter = function(fun/*, thisArg*/) {
    'use strict';

    if (this === void 0 || this === null) {
      throw new TypeError();
    }

    var t = Object(this);
    var len = t.length >>> 0;
    if (typeof fun !== 'function') {
      throw new TypeError();
    }

    var res = [];
    var thisArg = arguments.length >= 2 ? arguments[1] : void 0;
    for (var i = 0; i < len; i++) {
      if (i in t) {
        var val = t[i];

        // NOTE: Technically this should Object.defineProperty at
        //       the next index, as push can be affected by
        //       properties on Object.prototype and Array.prototype.
        //       But that method's new, and collisions should be
        //       rare, so use the more-compatible alternative.
        if (fun.call(thisArg, val, i, t)) {
          res.push(val);
        }
      }
    }

    return res;
  };
}
if (!Array.prototype.some) {
  Array.prototype.some = function(fun/*, thisArg*/) {
    'use strict';

    if (this == null) {
      throw new TypeError('Array.prototype.some called on null or undefined');
    }

    if (typeof fun !== 'function') {
      throw new TypeError();
    }

    var t = Object(this);
    var len = t.length >>> 0;

    var thisArg = arguments.length >= 2 ? arguments[1] : void 0;
    for (var i = 0; i < len; i++) {
      if (i in t && fun.call(thisArg, t[i], i, t)) {
        return true;
      }
    }

    return false;
  };
}
if (!Array.prototype.every) {
  Array.prototype.every = function(callbackfn, thisArg) {
    'use strict';
    var T, k;

    if (this == null) {
      throw new TypeError('this is null or not defined');
    }

    // 1. Let O be the result of calling ToObject passing the this 
    //    value as the argument.
    var O = Object(this);

    // 2. Let lenValue be the result of calling the Get internal method
    //    of O with the argument "length".
    // 3. Let len be ToUint32(lenValue).
    var len = O.length >>> 0;

    // 4. If IsCallable(callbackfn) is false, throw a TypeError exception.
    if (typeof callbackfn !== 'function') {
      throw new TypeError();
    }

    // 5. If thisArg was supplied, let T be thisArg; else let T be undefined.
    if (arguments.length > 1) {
      T = thisArg;
    }

    // 6. Let k be 0.
    k = 0;

    // 7. Repeat, while k < len
    while (k < len) {

      var kValue;

      // a. Let Pk be ToString(k).
      //   This is implicit for LHS operands of the in operator
      // b. Let kPresent be the result of calling the HasProperty internal 
      //    method of O with argument Pk.
      //   This step can be combined with c
      // c. If kPresent is true, then
      if (k in O) {

        // i. Let kValue be the result of calling the Get internal method
        //    of O with argument Pk.
        kValue = O[k];

        // ii. Let testResult be the result of calling the Call internal method
        //     of callbackfn with T as the this value and argument list 
        //     containing kValue, k, and O.
        var testResult = callbackfn.call(T, kValue, k, O);

        // iii. If ToBoolean(testResult) is false, return false.
        if (!testResult) {
          return false;
        }
      }
      k++;
    }
    return true;
  };
}
if (!Array.prototype.indexOf) {
  Array.prototype.indexOf = function(searchElement, fromIndex) {

    var k;

    // 1. Let o be the result of calling ToObject passing
    //    the this value as the argument.
    if (this == null) {
      throw new TypeError('"this" is null or not defined');
    }

    var o = Object(this);

    // 2. Let lenValue be the result of calling the Get
    //    internal method of o with the argument "length".
    // 3. Let len be ToUint32(lenValue).
    var len = o.length >>> 0;

    // 4. If len is 0, return -1.
    if (len === 0) {
      return -1;
    }

    // 5. If argument fromIndex was passed let n be
    //    ToInteger(fromIndex); else let n be 0.
    var n = fromIndex | 0;

    // 6. If n >= len, return -1.
    if (n >= len) {
      return -1;
    }

    // 7. If n >= 0, then Let k be n.
    // 8. Else, n<0, Let k be len - abs(n).
    //    If k is less than 0, then let k be 0.
    k = Math.max(n >= 0 ? n : len - Math.abs(n), 0);

    // 9. Repeat, while k < len
    while (k < len) {
      // a. Let Pk be ToString(k).
      //   This is implicit for LHS operands of the in operator
      // b. Let kPresent be the result of calling the
      //    HasProperty internal method of o with argument Pk.
      //   This step can be combined with c
      // c. If kPresent is true, then
      //    i.  Let elementK be the result of calling the Get
      //        internal method of o with the argument ToString(k).
      //   ii.  Let same be the result of applying the
      //        Strict Equality Comparison Algorithm to
      //        searchElement and elementK.
      //  iii.  If same is true, return k.
      if (k in o && o[k] === searchElement) {
        return k;
      }
      k++;
    }
    return -1;
  };
}
if (!Array.prototype.lastIndexOf) {
  Array.prototype.lastIndexOf = function(searchElement /*, fromIndex*/) {
    'use strict';

    if (this === void 0 || this === null) {
      throw new TypeError();
    }

    var n, k,
      t = Object(this),
      len = t.length >>> 0;
    if (len === 0) {
      return -1;
    }

    n = len - 1;
    if (arguments.length > 1) {
      n = Number(arguments[1]);
      if (n != n) {
        n = 0;
      }
      else if (n != 0 && n != (1 / 0) && n != -(1 / 0)) {
        n = (n > 0 || -1) * Math.floor(Math.abs(n));
      }
    }

    for (k = n >= 0 ? Math.min(n, len - 1) : len - Math.abs(n); k >= 0; k--) {
      if (k in t && t[k] === searchElement) {
        return k;
      }
    }
    return -1;
  };
}
//reduce
if (typeof Array.prototype.reduce != "function") {
  Array.prototype.reduce = function (callback, initialValue ) {
     var previous = initialValue, k = 0, length = this.length;
     if (typeof initialValue === "undefined") {
        previous = this[0];
        k = 1;
     }

    if (typeof callback === "function") {
      for (k; k < length; k++) {
         this.hasOwnProperty(k) && (previous = callback(previous, this[k], k, this));
      }
    }
    return previous;
  };
}
// Production steps of ECMA-262, Edition 5, 15.4.4.22
// Reference: http://es5.github.io/#x15.4.4.22
if ('function' !== typeof Array.prototype.reduceRight) {
  Array.prototype.reduceRight = function(callback /*, initialValue*/) {
    'use strict';
    if (null === this || 'undefined' === typeof this) {
      throw new TypeError('Array.prototype.reduce called on null or undefined');
    }
    if ('function' !== typeof callback) {
      throw new TypeError(callback + ' is not a function');
    }
    var t = Object(this), len = t.length >>> 0, k = len - 1, value;
    if (arguments.length >= 2) {
      value = arguments[1];
    } else {
      while (k >= 0 && !(k in t)) {
        k--;
      }
      if (k < 0) {
        throw new TypeError('Reduce of empty array with no initial value');
      }
      value = t[k--];
    }
    for (; k >= 0; k--) {
      if (k in t) {
        value = callback(value, t[k], k, t);
      }
    }
    return value;
  };
}
String
/*
 * String ES5 extend
*/
String.prototype.startWith=function(str){     
    var reg=new RegExp("^"+str);     
    return reg.test(this);        
}  

String.prototype.endWith=function(str){     
    var reg=new RegExp(str+"$");     
    return reg.test(this);        
}

if(!String.prototype.trim) {
    String.prototype.trim = function () {
        return this.replace(/^[\s\uFEFF\xA0]+|[\s\uFEFF\xA0]+$/g, '');
    };
}
if(!String.prototype.trimRight){
  String.prototype.trimRight = function(){
    return this.replace(/[\s\uFEFF\xA0]+$/g, '');
  }
}
if(!String.prototype.trimLeft){
  String.prototype.trimLeft = function(){
    return this.replace(/^[\s\uFEFF\xA0]+/g,'');
  }
}

以上为目前项目中对js中各类函数进行的差异处理,后续陆续添加。

当然,目前已经有成熟的polyfill 库,可以直接使用,抹平各个浏览器之间的差异。

转载请注明出处: https://chrunlee.cn/article/js-prototype-polyfill.html


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